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Eachill Farm

The word Eachill means "land cleared and enclosed" and comes from language before 1100.

Prior to 1484 The Whalleys were in Rishton, and were tenants of Eachill around 1599. They held the lease there until 1790 when Thomas Whalley died, leaving the lease to his daughter Hannah Haworth.

The main features of the house were the stone flagged kitchen and living rooms. These were low rooms with black oaken beams, from which hung guns and implements of various kinds. The chimneys were so deep and wide that a patch of light could be seen by looking up them. These fire places were later built up, but back then these nooks would have been claimed by Whalley and his wife, ideal for resting at the end of the day. The walls therein were plastered, but some parts were oak panelled.

Eachill from North

High up in the walls was "A Priests hole" or secret chamber, a room large enough to hold one man, containing a chair and table, with no windows. These priest holes came into being during the reformation, but it is unknown if the Whalley's could afford the services of a family priest. If they could then this room would have been used during raids in Elizabeth's reign.

The building had a double storey porch to the front, which was North facing, and the mullioned windows were splayed both inside and out. The windows were wide, and divided into narrow light with the stone mullions. These narrow windows were common during times of civil wars, a man would not be able to push his body through these narrow lights, therefore the defenders were able to inflict great damage while the intruders tried to enter. The porch was one of two storeys, during latter days it was though that the back of the house was the main entrance, but this was not true.p>

The main hall held the Inglenook fireplace, which was common among yeoman farmers houses and actually in the plaster work opposite this fire were the initials of James (I) and Mary (M) Whalley with the date of 1678. Surely an indication of restoration work being carried out to the property at this time? Above these initials were three figures representing their children, who all died in infancy, hence the figures bear wings like angels, telling us that the children had already died by the time of this restoration in 1678.

Many of these features of the building can be found at surrounding farms, such as Whitebirk Moss, and the manor house at Cowhill.

Location picture

Because of the original entrance facing North it was blocked off and a new entrance built on the South.

Eachill Farm and Cottage were removed from the local council ratings in February 1939.

The last owners of Eachill farm were the Parkinson family. It is rumoured that there was a passage from the Dunkenhalgh Manor to the farm, which also ran to Back Abbey Street in Accrington.

References

Date for Eachill farm.

Rishton remembered by Kathleen Broderick.

Parish Church and School Jubilee 1927 by Carlton Noble.

Rishton U. D. C. minutes.