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REPORT OF THE Sanitary Inspector For the Year ending December 31st, 1925.

Sanitary Department, Council Offices, Brook Street, Rishton. May 10th, I926

To the Members of the Rishton Urban District Council.

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,

I have the honour to submit for your consideration my report for the year ended December 3 1925. -

Complaints.

The number of complaints of nuisance dealt with was 124 made by the public through the Sanitary department, each complaint received was investigated and action taken where necessary to remove cause for complaint.

Infectious Diseases.

During the year there were 182 cases of Infectious Diseases notified namely

Scarlet Fever 3. Diphtheria 2. Erysipelas4.

Pneumonia 26. Opthalmia Neonatorum 1

Chicken Pox 33. Measles 113.

Total 182.

Each of these cases were visited and the sanitary condition of the premises investigated, in addition School Masters were informed of cases as they have occurred affecting school children and those in contact.

Tuberculosis.

There were 4 cases of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and 2 cases of Tuberculosis other than Pulmonary also notified making a total of. 35 cases at present known to be suffering from this disease in the district upon the register, 3 of the newly notified cases were removed to hospital for treatment.

Disinfection of Premises.

There were 24 dwelling houses disinfected comprising 91 rooms, and 5 beds, also 6 sets of bedding and clothing disinfected by steam by the Council, in addition 9 infected beds were destroyed. There was 1 dwelling house together with bed disinfected for vermin.

Water Supply.

The water supply for the Town is good as regards quality and quantity but the supply to the farms in the Northerly part of the district is still very unsatisfactory.

There were 8 samples of water taken for Bacteriological Examination, 5 of these being severely contaminated with "B Coli Communis."

The Spring supplying Tottleworth Hamlet with water for domestic purposes was upon analysis proved to be seriously polluted, immediate steps were taken and as a consequence the well was cleansed and permanently sealed as also was the source of supply to Holt Farm, the quality of the water has greatly improved since this work was carried out. It was twice reported during the year that this area ought certainly to be supplied with Town’s water.

The water supply to Lower Cunliffe Farm also came in for much consideration as a result of which, steps are being taken to utilize the best source of available supply by piping and filtering to this Farm.

Drainage Work.

The drainage systems in connection with new premises are hydraulically tested before being allowed to be filled in, 7 systems being thus dealt with, in addition the drainage system of two houses were subjected to the smoke test, street gullies are emptied weekly and deodorized, also drains tested and flushed when necessary.

Closet Accommodation.

1552 houses within the district are supplied with waste water closets the drawback being to these that the large shafts are never sufficiently cleansed and in most instances never cleansed at all, where the use of water is scanty by the tenant there is not an adequate flush with the result that the system becomes choked and out of order. Children too seem to have a universal inclination for making these shafts a dumping ground where ever accessible. The council have the power to initiate a scheme of whole sale conversion to the fresh water, system by arrangement when the time is considered opportune.

There are 429 fresh water closets in use within the district also 26 pails and 1 privy, the number of covered ash- pits existing is 243 and the number of movable ashbins for refuse 1336.

During the year 2 Privies have been converted to pails also 10 waste water closets to fresh water closets.

REFUSE—Scavenging

Domestic refuse from dwelling houses is collected weekly where ashbins are in use and monthly where covered ashpits are used. The work of converting the insanitary open ashpit to the portable ashbin system is practically complete some few are still outstanding but these are under notice to convert.

The open ashpits having been dealt with the way is now clear for the superseding of the covered ashpit also, for that of the portable bin and a weekly collection. The covered ashpits comply with the existing regulations so that conversion cannot be by compulsion but arrangement or a local bye-law no doubt would meet the case.

There is everything to be gained by the portable bin and a weekly collection, should these ashpits be converted it will greatly facilitate the work of refuse removal, also I would add do away with the complaints received as to the dissemination of dust when ashpits are being emptied particularly in adverse weather.

Smoke Nuisance.

There were 8 observations taken of factory Chimneys for the emission of black smoke so as to be a nuisance under the P. H. Act 1875, 3 verbal warnings were issued, mechanical stokers were in use at the factories concerned.

Offensive Trades.

During the year the following local order has been put into operation :—The Rishton Urban (Offensive Trades) Confirmation Order 1925, as a result of which Rag and Bone dealers have been classed as an offensive trade.

We have 5 premises used for offensive trades upon the register, i.e. — 1 Gut Scraper and 4 Rag and Bone dealers, 45 visits were paid to these premises with a view to their being kept under close supervision and as free from nuisance as possible.

Factories and Workshops.

There are 81 registered Factories and Workshops including workplaces and bake houses in the district, 393 visits being paid to these premises.

The Sanitary accommodation was found to be defective at 3 factories, 2 of which were remedied, the other being referred to H. M. Inspector of Factories to deal with.

The following notices were served to remedy nuisances or defects :—

  Found Remedied
Cleanliness 2 2
Other Nuisances 20 20
San. Accom. Defective 3 2
  25 24

Schools.

The Sanitary conveniences at one school are in need of conversion to the fresh water system.

Housing.

There were 1,344 dwelling houses inspected for nuisance or defects, and 848 re-visited after serving of notices.

Consolidation Housing Regulations and Housing Inspection or District Regulations 1926.

There were 59 dwelling houses inspected under the above Regulations.

Informal Notices.

There were 755 dwelling houses rendered fit as a result of informal notices being served.

Action under Legal Powers.

Section 28, Housing and Town Planning Act, 1919.

There were 5 dwelling houses rendered fit as a result of service of legal notice under the above Act.

Public Health and Amendment Acts.

There were 87 dwelling houses rendered fit after service of formal notice under the above Acts,

One house has been voluntarily demolished by the owner.

Milk Supply.

We have 31 Cowkeepers within the district upon, the Register, 77 visits were paid to their farms and every opportunity taken to impress upon them the necessity for cleanliness of animals and shippons alike. There has been a gradual improvement regarding structural requirements in certain farms affecting lighting, ventilation, drainage and water supply.

62 formal notices were served upon Cowkeepers with reference to cleansing and limewashing being carried out, these were complied with.

We have also 19 registered retail purveyors of milk to whose premises 66 visits were paid under the various Milk and Dairies Orders in force.

4 samples of milk were obtained for Bacteriological examination, no Tubercle Bacilli being found in any one sample.

Slaughterhouses.

We have three private licensed slaughterhouses within the district, 2 of which are in constant use each being kept in a clean and good condition. Carcases destined for outside areas are stamped with an official stamp after inspection has been carried out.

223 visits were paid to these slaughterhouses and the following carcases examined

Bovine 96, Sheep and Lambs 554, Pigs 409, Total 1,059.

MEAT AND OTHER FOODS.

As a result of inspections the following amount of food has been condemned or surrendered as unfit for human consumption and destroyed, carcases being taken to Blackburn for destruction by burning.

Tuberculosis, 1 carcase and parts. 857 lbs.

Diseased, unsound or unwholesome, other than above, 5 carcases and parts 668 lbs. 1525 lbs.

Other Food Stuffs, 22 tins 22 lbs. 22 lbs.

Total 1548 lbs.

59 visits to food shops, mostly butchers were also paid. There was no necessity for legal proceedings.

SALE OF FOOD AND DRUGS ACT.

4 samples were submitted for analysis, 1 Butter and 1 Coffee. (informal) proving genuine, 2 Milks (formal) proved to be adulterated, the adulteration were as follows:

1. Deficient in fats and solids and containing added water.

2. Deficient in solids and containing added water.

Both farmer and seller appeared before the Committee to give explanation, that of the seller being accepted and the farmer cautioned and ordered to pay cost of the analyst’s fees.

Milk and Cream Regulations, 1912 to 1917.

1 Sample of Cream was Obtained from a travelling retailer within the district who resided outside this area, the sample proved to contain preservatives above the minimum standard allowed by legislation. The seller appeared before the Committee and was cautioned as to labelling of Receptacle, and also as to the amount of Preservative used.

9 samples of milk were obtained from local farmers and examined in the department for gross dirt, etc., results being as follows :—

Clean, 2; Fairly Clean, 5; Grossly Dirty, 2.

Farmers concerned were communicated with.

Refuse Collection.

Domestic Refuse is collected weekly or monthly according to the method of Storage, all such refuse being tipped at the Council’s Tip at Norden.

Our method of removal is by motor lorry a 30 cwt. Vulcan being used.

The Tip being situate within an area of of a mile from the furthest collecting point I think it safe to assume that the horse was superseded by the motor without full enquiry as to its potentialities when costs are considered, but, in my opinion the motor is to be preferred, provided quick loading and rapid removal are obtained so as to reach the minimum in costs. Tipping is far from being an ideal method of disposal, its only asset being cheapness and even that cannot be retained should an epidemic disease arise through its presence.

Cremation (where not prohibitive) in a properly constructed destructor is the best hygienic system of disposal where with utilization of parts and a use found for the steam generated the initial outlay is the largest.

The rat holes contained within the tip were treated during the year with Calcium Cyanide under pressure with a view to eliminating some of the rodent pest’s contained therein.

Trade Waste.

Trade Waste from business premises is collected twice weekly and conveyed to the Blackburn Corporation Destructor for destruction by burning. A charge of 2d. per receptacle is made for removal and disposal which does not cover the cost of the undertaking.

The following figures give some idea of the amount of refuse dealt with during the period 1922-25:—

  Emptied Loads Emptied Trade Refuse
  Ashpits Ashbins H. & C Motor Cess Pails Loads Motor
1925 1444 54,527 14 1318   1305 104 99
1924 2436 38,850 117 1825 36 1240 98 97
1923 2750 7,589 834 1305 49 1197 100 93
1922 2913 6,065 715 1443 49 1297 119 87

Petroleum Acts 1871 and 1879.

The following licenses have been granted or renewed during the year:-

New Licenses issued, Petroleum, 4;

Renewals, Petroleum, 6;

Renewals Carbide of Calcium, 3;

Total, 13.

Rainfall.

The total Rainfall for the period 1921-25 is given below:-

1921, 40.80

1922, 42.07

1923, 59.06

1924, 42.08

1925, 40.01

I have the honour to be,

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,

Yours respectfully,

E. THOMPSON. A. R. S. I.

Sanitary Inspector.