1944 Annual Health Report for Rishton

Website Information

What's New?

Why not try the "Interactive Map" of Rishton, move your mouse over the map and click on the hotspots to open the page.

Search This Website

SEARCH

Today in Rishton..

Current Weather

Currently Unavailable

Latest News Headlines

Currently Unavailable

For more news on Rishton use this link

Website Visitors

(See the web stats page in the utilities section of the site for previous visitors)

Since February 2009 -

free counters

URBAN DISTRICT C0UNCIL OF RISHT0N.

ANNUAL REPORT OF MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH.

INCLUDING- DETAILS OF WORK DONE BY THE SANITARY INSPECTOR FOR THE DISTRICT OF RISHTON FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER, 1944.

MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL.

  • Chairman• Councillor. J. R. Booth, J. P.
  • Vice-Chairman: Councillor. F. Worsley, J. P.
  • Councillor J. W. Banks
  • Councillor J. Bridge
  • Councillor M. Clarke
  • Councillor G. Hoyle
  • Councillor R. H. Kenyon
  • Councillor R. Leeming
  • Councillor J. Sanderson
  • Councillor J. W. Longland
  • Councillor W. Sturzaker
  • Councillor H. W. Sutcliffe

 

  • Clerk: G. L. Brown, F.C.C.S.
  • Medical Officer: J. Ross, M. B., Ch. B.
  • Sanitary Inspector: C. Woodcock, A.R. San.I., M.S.I.A.
  • Surveyor: H. W. Gilman,
  • Collector: H. Greenwood M. Inst, M. & Cy.E.

Council Offices,

Rishton.

4th October, 1945

To the Chairman and Members of the URBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL OF RISHTON

Mr, Chairman and Gentlemen, I have the honour to present to you my Interim Report on the Health and Sanitary Administration of RISHTON for the year ending 31st December, 1944.

The various rates in-.this Report are based upon the Registrar General's estimate of the population for the mid-year of 1944.

The estimated-population is 5739 which is higher than last year, when the population was estimated to be 5703.

The Birth Rate is higher being 20-21 per 1,000, and is an increase of 7.94 on 1943, which compare favourably with the rate for England and Wales - 17.16 per 1,000.

The Death Rate is higher than last year, being 14.98 per 1,000. The Death Rate in 1943 was 12.9. It Is higher than the Death Rate for whole of the country, which is 12.1 per 1,000.

The Infant mortality Rate is higher than last year, being 0.47 per 1,000 live births. This is a Decrease of 0.71 over last year, when the figure was 0.56 per, 1,000 live births. The figure for England Wales Is 0.46 per 1, 000 live births.

The Death Rate from Tuberculosis of the respiratory system is higher than last year, being 0.52 as against an increase of 0.51 of last year. This is an increase of 0.10.

The Death Rate from Cancer was 2.43 per 1,000 of population as against 2.27 last year, being an increase of 0.16 per 1,000.

The essential work of the Health Department has been fully maintained despite the war.

I am indebted to the Sanitary Inspector for his help during the year.

I also wish to express my thanks to the Chairman and Members of the Committee, together with the Clerk of the Council and all other Officials for their valuable assistance during the year.

Gentlemen, Your obedient Servant, (Signed).

J. ROSS Medical Officer of Health

SECTION A.

STATISTICS AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS OF THE AREA

  • Area in Acres - 2878.4
  • Population (Census 1931) - 6631
  • Population (Estimated middle 1944) - 5937
  • Number of inhabited houses (according to Rate Book at end of 1943) - 1878
  • Rateable Value - £46,454
  • Sum represented by a Penny Rate - £190

SOCIAL CONDITIONS AND CHIEF INDUSTRIES IN THE AREA.

The occupations of the inhabitants of the township remain similar to last year, namely weaving, paper making, aero-engine construction, etc. There has been some variation of the occupations of many people due to the war.

There have been no specially noteworthy cases of sickness nor Invalidity during the year nor do there appear to be any conditions or occupations or environment which have been prejudicial to health, There is no evidence that the war, so far, has had any injurious effect upon the health of the people.

VITAL STATISTICS.

    Total Male Female  
Live Births Legitimate   62 52 Birth Rate per 1,000 estimated population mid 44 - 12.27
Illegitimate   2  
Total   64 52
Still Births   5 4 1 Rate per 1,000 total live and still birth 0.47
Deaths   86 41 45 Death rate per 1,000 est. population 14.98

Deaths from Puerperal Causes:

Puerperal and Post-abortive sepsis - Nil - Death rate per 1,000 total live and still births.

 Other maternal causes  - 0

Totals - 0

Death Rate of infants under one year of age: 3 Males, 1 Female - 5 legitimate - 0 Illegitimate.

  • All infants per 1,000 live births - 0.56
  •  Deaths from Cancer (All ages) - 14
  • Deaths from Measles (All ages) - Nul
  • Deaths from Whooping Bough (All ages) - Nil
  • Deaths from Diarrhoao (Under 2 years of age) - Nil

CAUSES OF DEATH DURING- 1945.

  Males. Females. Totals
Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fevers      
Small Pox      
Measles      
Scarlet Fever      
Whooping Cough      
Diphtheria      
Influenza      
Tuberculosis of Respirators System   1 1
Other Tuberculosis Diseases      
Cancer - all forms. 8 6 14
Diabetes 1 4 5
Inter-cranial Vascular Lesions 2 3 5
Heart Disease 7 8 15
 Other Circulatory Diseases 2   2
Bronchitis 2 3 5
Pneumonia (all forms) 1   1
Other Respiratory Diseases 1   1
Ulcer of Stomach and Duodenum 1   1
Diarrhoea (Under 2 years)      
Appendicitis      
Other Digestive Diseases   2 2
Acute and Chronic Nephritis 1   1
Puerperal and post-abortive sepsis      
Other Maternal Causes      
Premature Birth 2 1 3
Congenital Debility and Malformation 2   2
Suicide   1 1
Road Traffic Accidents   1 1
Other Deaths from Violence 7 2 9
All other causes 4 13 17
Diarrhoea (over 2 years)      
  41 45 86
Deaths under 1 year -Illegitimate 4 1 5
Deaths under 1 year -legitimate      

Birth rates, Civilian Death-rates, Analysis of Mortality, Maternal Mortality and Case rates for certain Infectious diseases in the Year 1944. Provisional figures based on Weekly and Quarterly Returns.

(A - signifies no Deaths, ÷ per 1,000 related births, ≠ rates per 1,000 Total Population)

  England and Wales 126 G.B. and Great Towns Inc. London 148 Smaller Towns. Resident Pop. 25-50,000 at 1931 Census London Adm. County
÷ Rates per 1,000 Civilian Population.
Live Births 17.6≠ 20.3 20.9 15
Still Births 0.5≠ 0.64 0.61 0.42
Deaths:-        
All Causes 11.6≠ 13.7 12.4 15.7
Typhoid and Paratyphoid 0 0 0 0
Scarlet Fever 0 0 0 0
Whooping Cough 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.04
Diphtheria 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.01
Influenza 0.12 0.10 0.11 0.08
Small Pox 0      
Measles 0.01 0.01 0.01 0
Rates per 1,000 Live Births
Deaths under 1 year of Age 46÷ 52 44 61
Deaths from Diarrhoea and Enteritis under 2 years of age. 4.8 7.3 4.4 10.01

RAINFALL 1944

The following is the rainfall for the year 1944, which was provided by Mr, A, E. Taylor, A.M.Inst .MCy.E., A.R.San.i., Engineer and Surveyor.

  • January 4.37
  • February 1-44
  • March 0.60
  • April 1.79
  • May 2.36
  • June 2.10
  • July2.73
  • August 2.82
  • September 4.84
  • October 4.40
  • November 4.74
  • December 3.74
  • Total - 35.93

SECTION B

GENERAL PROVISION OF HEALTH SERVICES FOR THE AREA.

PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICERS OF THE COUNCIL

Medical Officer of Health - Dr. J. Ross, Part-time Officer, Salary contributed to.

Sanitary Inspector J. Woodcock Certified Inspector of Meat and Other Foods: Certified in the carrying out of Meat and Sanitary Inspectors duties. Whole time officer. Salary contributed to.

Laboratory Facilities

pathological and bacteriological, examinations are carried out at Health Laboratory, Blackburn, with the exception of sputum examinations- -for Tuberculosis, those being examined at the Tuberculosis- Dispensary, Accrington.

Ambulance Facilities.

For non-infectious cases - Motor ambulance owned by t he Council. The Ambulance facilities are considered adequate. Available anytime, day or night.

Professional Nurse in the Home.

a) GENERAL Nursing carries out by one District Nurse under the District Nursing Scheme. Midwifery is not undertaken by the Association.

b) INFECTIOUS DISEASE The nursing of such cases as measles, pneumonia, puerperal sepsis, and ophthalmia neonatorum, is carried out by the District Nurse. Thee Council subscribe to the Association.

HOSPITALS

  1.  Tuberculosis - Provided by the County Council
  2. Maternity - None
  3. Children - None
  4. Fever - Cases are sent to Blackburn and Darwen Fever Hospitals when difficulty in isolation at home arises. It is some¬ time necessary, when the above hospitals are full, to send cases to Burnley or Bury.
  5. Smallpox - Elm Tree Hospital, Oswaldtwistle, owned by the Oswaldtwistle U.D.C.

MATERNITY AND CHILD WELFARE - Midwives.

 There is one midwife on the Register residing in the township and two or three others from the neighbouring districts. No midwives are employed or subsidised by this Health Authority. There are no Nursing Or Maternity Homes in the township.

Institutional provision for unmarried mothers, illegitimate infants and homeless children - No special provision.

The Public Assistance Institution is situated in the County Borough of Blackburn.

CLINICS AND TREATMENT CENTRES. MATERNITY & CHILD WELFARE.

  Situation Accommodation By whom provided  
Chief Centre High St. Ample Owned by County Council Meeting and the consultations, every Tues. afternoon. L.H.V also attends daily during week to intervieitf mothers and give advice.
Day Nurseries None   County Council. Eye, Ear and Dental and Minor Ailments Clinic.
School Clinics. High St.      
Tuberculosis Accrington Tuberculosis Dispensary   County Council.  
Venereal Diseases Blackburn Royal Infirmary. Out-Patients Department.   County Council Twice a week for males and females.
Orthopedic Clinic Rishton   County Council.  

SECTION C.

SANITARY CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE AREA.

Water Supply.

The township is supplies with water by the Accrington District Gas & Water Board. There are no swimming baths or pools within the district.

Schools

These are adequately, dealt with by the School Medical Dept, of the Lancashire County Council.

Disinfections.

9 Beds and 9 Rooms were disinfected during the year.

Drainage and Sewerage

There was no extension of the sewage system this year. The sewage is treated at the Council's sewage disposal works, which is of modern design and the treatment is biological.

Rivers and Streams.

There was no evidence of pollution during the year.

Storage of House Refuse.

All houses are supplied with bins for the storage of house refuse, there are no ashpits, in use in the district.

Closet Accommodation.

The closet conversion scheme is now in operation.

Sanitary inspection of the Area.

This will be found in the report of the Sanitary Inspector.

Shops Act, 1934.

Twenty Shops were inspected under the above Act. There were no conventions as regards ventilation and temperature, and sanitary accommodation

Camping Sites.

There are no camping sites in the district.

Smoke Abatement.

There was no action taken during the year.

Notifiable Diseases During the Year

  Total Cases Under 1 years 1-2 years 2-3 years 3-4 years 4-5 years 5-10 years 10-15 years 15-20 years 20-35 years 35-45 years 45-65 years Over 65 Total
Small Pox                            
Scarlet Fever 16       1 1 8 5     1     16
Diphtheria                            
Enteric Fever 1                 1       1
Measles 17   1 3 2   8 2     1     17
Whooping Cough 4   1 1 1   1             4
Pneumonia 13   1   1   2 3 2   1 3   13
Puerperal Pyrexia                            
Cerebre-Spinal Fever                            
Acute poliomyelitis                            
Acute polio encephalitis                            
Encephalitis lathergics                            
Dysentery                            
Cohthalmia beonatorum                            
Erysipelas                            
Malaria                            
pulmonary Tuberculosis 6             1 1 2 2     6
Non-pulmonary 2           1         1   2
  59   3 4 5 1 20 11 3 3 5 4   59

PUBLIC HEALTH TUBERCULOSIS REGULATIONS 1930.

Total Cases Pulmonary Non-Pulmonary Total Pulmonary and Non-Pulmonary
  M. F. Total M. F. Total M. F. Total
12 1 5 6 1 5 6 2 8 10

PUBLIC HEALTH (PREVENTION OF TUBERCULOSIS) REGULATIONS, 1925.

No action has been called for under the above regulations which concerns tuberculosis employees in the milk trade.

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,

House Refuse Collection.

The refuse is collected from dustbins weekly and is collected by mean of a horse-drawn vehicle.

House Refuse Disposal.

The house refuse is disposed of entirely by controlled tipping. The tip is satisfactory and free from nuisance. Tipping is carried out according to the Minister of Health’s recommendations, and it is an economical, method of disposal.

DETAILS OF SALVAGE COLLECTED AND SOLD DURING 1944/45.

  T. C. Q.   £ s. d.
April 3 14     22 5 6
May 3   2   17 7 11
June 4 2 2   23 14 4
July 1 15     10 1 3
August 5 3     29 12 3
September 3 17     22 2 9
October 3 13 2   21 2 7
November 3 7 1   19 6 9
December 3 9     19 16 10
January 1 14 2   9 15 6
February 4 16 1   27 13 5
March 5 6     30 9 6
43 18 2 252 8 7
    cwts. lbs        
Rags   13 37   10    
Scrap Iron         11 12 1
Bottles           1  
Chicken Waste         20    
41 13 1

Number of Premises.

Dwellings 1724
 Shops, Lock-up 30
Shops and Dwellings 140
Offices and Dwellings 2
Hotels 6
Off-Licence 1
Farms (houses not included in first item) 26
Cotton Mills 4
Electricity Generating Station 1
Electricity Sub-Station (one with office) 2
Cooked Meat Works 1
Fireclay Brick Works 1
Colliery (disused) 1
Wheelwright & Smithy 1
Joiners’ Works 4
Property Repairers Depot 1
Printing Works 2
Tinplate Works 1
Radio Warehouse 1
Plasterer’s Depot 1
Papermills 1
Paint Works 1
Poultry Appliance Works 1
Aircraft Engine Works 1
Aircraft Engine Stores 1
Firelighter Works 2
Post Office 1
Banks 2
Bank and Dwelling 1
Council Offices 1
Council Depot 1
Sewage Disposal Works 1
Education and Public Assistance Office 1
Police Station 1
Clinic 1
Clubs 5
Masonic Hall 1
Library 1
Cinema 1
Skating Rink 1
Churches 7
Schools 5
Salvation Army Hall 1
Missions 1
Gas & Water Board Depot 1
Slaughterhouses (Temporarily disused) 2
Bus and Haulage Garages 3

SECTION E.

INSPECTION AND SUPERVISION OF FOOD.

(a) Milk Supply.

The milk produced within or brought into the township is on the whole of good quality.

The Milk (Special Designations) Order. 1936. N. of dealers licences issued during 1944 in respect of:-

  • Tuberculin Tested Milk -  None.
  • Accredited (Distribution) - 4

 

  • Total number of cowkeepers - 26
  • No. on the register - 26
  • No. of inspections during the year - 80
  • Dairyfarms' - 26 approx. no. of cows in the district - 600

Other Foods - Bakehouses - 12 in number and. other premises where foods are manufactured, stored or exposed for sale, have been inspected from time to time and their condition found satisfactory.

  • Food and Drugs Adulteration (Food & Drugs Act 1938)
  •  Public Health (Condensed milk) Reg. 1927 - 27
  • Public Health (Dried milk) Reg. 1923 - 27
  • Public Health (preservatives in Food) Reg. 1925 - 27

The above are administered by the County Council. During the year, 18 samples of milk were examined for quality; all samples were sufficient in fats.

SECTION F.

PREVALENCE OF AND CONTROL OVER INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

General. There were no cases of diphtheria during the year and two last year; and 6 cases of scarlet fever, compared with two last year.

There has been no marked prevalence of other infectious diseases.

The result of the action taken to provide immunisation against diphtheria to children to December, 1944 is:

708 have been immunised - 62.8% under five years and 83.9% between five and fifteen years of age.

In conclusion, I desire to acknowledge the many kindnesses extended to me by the Chairman and Members of the Health Committee and Clerk to the Council, Medical Officer of Health, Collector, Surveyor, my staff and other members who have assisted me in the discharge of my duties.

I have the honour to be,

Your obedient Servant,

(Signed) C. WOODCOCK. Mem. Royal San. Inst., (Cert. Insp. of Meat & Other Foods) Men. San. Inspectors’ Association.

References