1947 Health Report for Rishton.

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URBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL OF RISHTON.

Abridged. Annual Report of the Medical Officer of Health for the District of Rishton for the Year ended 31st December, 1947.

Council Offices,

Rishton

3rd August, 1948.

 To the Chairman and Members of the Urban District Council of Rishton.

Mr. Chairman, Lady and Gentlemen, I have the honour to present to you my Interim Report on the Health and Sanitary Administration of Rishton for the year ended 31st December, 1947.

The various rates in this Report are based upon the Registrar General’s estimate of the population for the mid-year, 1947.

The estimated population is 5,467, which is higher than last year, when the population was estimated to be 5,405.

The birth rate is higher, being 21.5 per 1,000, and is an increase on 1946, when the birth rate was 17.0 per 1,000. This compares favourably with the rate for England and Wales=20.5 per 1.000. T

he death rate is lower than last year, being 15.9 per 1,000. It is higher than the death rate for the whole of the country which is 12.0 per 1,000.

The infantile mortality rate is lower than last year, being 25 per 1,000 live births. This is a decrease of 29 over last year, when the figure was 54 per 1,000 live births. The figure for England and Wales is 41 per 1,000 live births.

The death rate from Tuberculosis of the respiratory system is 0.54 for 1947, as against 0.74 for last year. This is a decrease of 0.2.

The death rate from cancer was 3.29 per 1.000 of population, as against 1.66 last year, being an increase of 1.63 per 1,000. Per 1,000 of Estimated Population.

  Per 1,000 of Estimated Population Maternal Mortality Rate Rate of Deaths under 1 year per 1000 Live Births
Population 5,467 Live Birth Rate Crude Death Rate Death Rate From Tuberculosis of Respiratory System Death Rate from Cancer Peer 1,000 Live Births Total per 1,000 (Live and Births Still)
Mean of 5 years, 1942 - 1946 16.1 14.2 0.42 1.92 7.96 7.53 48
Year -              
1946 17 16 0.74 1.66 10.86 10.63 54
1947 21.5* 15.9 0.54 3.29 8.47 8.4 25
Increase or Decrease in 1947 on 5 year average +5.4 +1.7 +0.12 +1.37 +0.51 +0.87 -23
Previous Year +4.5 -0.1 -0.2 +1.63 -2.39 -2.23 -29

*1947 adjusted death rate (comparability factor) = per 1,000

  Males Females Total
Typhoid      
Cerebro-Spinal Fevers      
Scarlet Fever      
Whooping Cough      
Diphtheria      
Tuberculosis (Respiratory System) 2 1 3
Other Forms of T. B.   1 1
Syphilitic Diseases      
Measles      
Ac. Inf.Encpt.   1 1
Influenza 1   1
Cancer (all forms) 7 11 18
Diabetes 1   1
Inter-cranial Vascular Lesions 5 7 12
Heart Disease 9 8 17
Other Circulatory Diseases 1   1
Bronchitis 3   3
Pneumonia (all forms) 1 1 2
Other Respiratory Diseases 2 2 4
Ulcer of Stomach- and Duodenum 1 1 2
Diarrhoea (under 2 years) 1   1
Appendicitis      
Other Digestive Diseases 1 2 3
Nephritis 2 1 3
Premature Birth      
Other Maternal Causes   1 1
Congenital Debility and Malformation 1 1 2
Suicide   1 1
Other Deaths from Violence   3 3
All other causes 4 3 7
42 45 87
Total Deaths under 1 year 4 2 6
Legitimate 2 1 3
Illegitimate 2 1 3

Birth Rates, Civilian Death Rates, Analysis of Mortality, Maternal Mortality and Case Rates for certain Infectious Diseases in the year 1947. Provisional figures based on weekly and quarterly returns: â€"

 Rates per 1,000 Civilian Population.

England and Wales.

126 C.Bs. and Great Towns including London.

148 Smaller Towns, Resident Pop. 25000-50000 at 1931 Census.

London Adm. County

Live Births 20.5+ 23.3 22.2 22.7
Still Births 0.50+ 0.62 0.54 0.49

Deathsâ€"

       
All Causes. 12.0+ 13.0 11.9 12.8
Typhoid and Paratyphoid 0 0 0 0
Scarlet Fever 0 0 0 0
Whooping Cough 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02
Diphtheria 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Influenza 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.08
Smallpox 0 0 0 -
Measles 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01

Notifications

       
Typhoid Fever 0.01 0.01 0 0.01
Paratyphoid Fever 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Cerebro-Spinal Fever 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.05
Scarlet Fever 1.37 1.54 1.37 1.31
Whooping Cough 2.22 2.41 2.02 2.80
Diphtheria 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.14
Erysipelas 0.19 0.21 0.18 0.22
Smallpox 0 0 0.01 0
Measles 9.41 9.13 9.58 5.29
Pneumonia 0.79 0.89 0.68 0.64

A dash (â€") signifies that there were no deaths, +Rates per 1,000 total population.

Rates per 1,000 Live Birthsâ€"

Deathsâ€"All causes under 1 year of age ... 41* ... 47 ... 36 ... 37

Enteritis and Diarrhoea under 2 years of age ... 5.8 ... 8 ... 3.7 ...4.8

Rates per 1,000 Total (Live and Still) Birthsâ€"

Notificationsâ€"

Puerperal Fever ... 7.16 ... 8.99 6.27          1.21

Puerperal Pyrexia                                 6.94+

* Per 1,000 related births. + Including Puerperal Fever.

Maternal Mortality in England and Walesâ€"

    Rates per 1000 Total (Live and Still) Births Rate per million women aged 15-44
140 Abortion with Sepsis 0.10 9
141 Abortion without Sepsis 0.06 5
147 Puerperal Infections 0.16  
142-146      
148-150 Other maternal causes 0.85  

Vital Statistics.

 Populationâ€"Registrar-Generals Estimate, Mid-1947: 5,467

Live Birthsâ€" Total M. F.
Legitimate 110 60 50
Illegitimate 8 5 3
Total 118 65 53
Still Births 1   1
Deaths 87 42 45
Birth rate per 1,000 estimated population mid 1947   21.5
Rate per 1,000 total (live and still) births   8
Death rate per 1,000 estimated population   15.9
Puerperal and post-abortive sepsis - Nil
Other Maternity Causes 1 8.40
Total Maternal Mortality 1 8.40

Death rate of infants under one year of age: â€"

  • All infants per 1,000 live births. 25
  • Legitimate infants per 1,000 legitimate live births. 27
  • Illegitimate infants per 1,000 illegitimate live births . nil
  • Deaths from Cancer (all ages). Nil
  • Deaths from Measles (all ages). ... .
  • Deaths from Whooping Cough (all ages). .
  • Deaths from Diarrhoea (under 2 years of age). 1

Statistics and Social Conditions of the Area.

  • Area in Acres. 2,878.4
  • Population (Census 1931). 6.631
  • Population (estimated middle 1947). 5,467
  • Number of inhabited houses (according to Rate Rook at end of 1947 .1,886
  • RateableValue. £57,220
  • Sum represented by a Penny Rate. £227 7

Immunisation State of Child Population as at 31st December, 1947.

  Under 5 yrs. Over 5 and under 15 yrs. Total under 15 yrs. of age
Number of child population protected by artificial immunisation up to 31st December 1947 230 267 494
Percentage of number protected in relation to total number of children in the age group. 58% 38% 45%

The provisional figure for deaths from diphtheria in 1947 was 245, compared with an average of about 2,800 deaths annually in the ten-year period 1931-40. For the sixth successive year, therefore, the number of deaths was the lowest yet recorded.

Totals of deaths and original notifications for England and Wales during the past eight years are as follows:-â€"

Diphtheria.

Year Deaths Cases
1940 2,480 46,281
1941 2,641 50,797
1942 1,827 41,404
1943 1,371 34,662
1944 934 29,949
1945 722 25,246
1946 472 18,283
1947 245* 10,469*

The number of cases in 1947 is also the lowest ever recorded. For the ten-year period 1931-40 the average number of notifications was about 55,300. The total for 1947 will, therefore, be about 45,000 below the average. This decrease has resulted in very substantial savings to public funds. In addition, the strain on medical and nursing personnel has been relieved: it is estimated that about 2,500 nurses are freed for other work.

Scarlet Fever.â€"Action taken to provide artificial immunisation (including number of children immunised during the year) â€"None.

Social Conditions and Chief Industries in the Area.

The occupations of the inhabitants of the township remain remain similar to last year, namely cotton and felt weaving, paper making, etc. There have been no specially noteworthy cases of sickness or invalidity during the year, nor do there appear to be any conditions or occupations or environment which have been prejudicial to health.

I am indebted to the Sanitary Inspector for his help during the year. I also wish to express my thanks to the Chairman and members of the Committee, together with the Clerk of the Council and all other officials for their valuable assistance during the year.

I am. Gentlemen, Your obedient servant,

(Signed)

J. ROSS, Medical Officer of Health.

References

312 Rishton UDC Council Health Reports
  • Wednesday, December 31, 1947 0