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Report of the Sanitary Inspector For the Year ended December 31st, 1936.

Sanitary Dept., Council Offices, Rishton.

To the Chairman and Members' of the Rishton Urban District Council.

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen,

I beg to submit a report of the work done in the Sanitary Department during the year 1936.

The number of complaints investigated were 125, action being taken in each case and the necessary work carried out.

2,600 visits were made to premises, and 201 nuisances were discovered.

Number of Informal Notices served   28
Number of Formal Notices   8
Number of Nuisances discovered   201
Number of Nuisances abated   200

In most cases the owners' attention was drawn to the nuisances, which had the desired effect

Sanitary Defects discovered:-

Defective bins, 105.        Choked and defective waste water closets, 72.
Ashpits abolished, 17.  
Accumulations, 10.   Broken and decayed plaster, 12.
Defective drains, 20.   Broken waste pipes from sinks, 9.
Damp walls, 25.   Defective and dilapidated waste water closets, 6.
Defective yard doors, 20.  
Defective eaves gutters, 22.   Chimney stacks defective, 2.
Defective roofs, 40.   Rain water pipes defective or choked, 20.
Offensive accumulations, 0.  
Defective chimney flues, 1.   Keeping of animals so as to be a nuisance, 0.
Defective fire grates, 12.  
Walls requiring pointing, 3.   Defective kitchen boilers and ovens, 10.
Defective sinks, 6.   Dangerous and defective yard walls, 12.
Defective ashpits, 6.   Broken window cords, 15.
Defective window frames, 20.   Defective wash boilers, 10.
Broken floors, 6.   Dirty houses, 3.
Stairs requiring handrails, 15.    

Infectious Disease.

During the year 15 cases of infectious diseases were notified (4 Diphtheria, 2 Scarlet Fever, 2 Pneumonia, 1 Erysipelas, 6 Tuberculosis). All premises were visited and disinfected.

Four cases were sent to hospital during the year.

Each case has been visited and disinfectants supplied gratis, together with instructions regarding home nursing and preventative measures.

At the termination of the disease, when the patient is nursed at home, and on receipt of notice to that effect from the doctor attending the case, the infected bedding is disinfected, the infected room is sprayed with Formaldehyde, and afterwards fumigated.

Where the patient is removed to hospital, the above method of disinfection is carried out immediately after the removal has taken place.

Schools are notified where children of school age are either infected or in contact with infectious disease; Schools are also sprayed and fumigated from time to time, as occasion may require. Library books from infected houses are returned to Preston for disinfection, and afterwards returned to the Public Library; the Librarian is also notified.

Number of houses fumigated with formaldehyde gas ... 20


The Ambulance has been called out on 269 occasions during the year.

Removed to and from hospital:-

For Sickness, 257.           For Accidents, 10.

Milk and Dairies Order, 1926.

The above Order came into operation on October 1st, 1926, and we have 27 Cowkeepers and 6 Dairymen registered. There were 200 visits paid to these premises.

Improvements have been carried out at three farms regarding reconstruction work, the increase of air space, amount of lighting and ventilation, improvements in paving and drainage work, and water supply.

It is pleasing to report that there is an increased desire on the part of cowkeepers to improve their premises.

200 visits were made to these premises.

No legal proceedings were necessary.

No action required for any cases of food poisoning.

Frequent visits were made to food shops, which were found to be kept clean, and the various meats displayed were always found to be of good quality. Strict attention is being given to premises where ice-cream is manufactured.

Bakehouses, 19 in number, and other premises where foods are manufactured, stored or exposed for sale have been inspected from time to time and their condition found satisfactory. No legal proceedings were necessary nor was any instance found in which existing powers were inadequate for dealing with any defects, each case.


400 houses were inspected under the Public Health Acts and the Housing Acts, 1930 and 1935. The number of dwelling-houses found not to be in all respects reasonably fit for human habitation was 36.

28 informal notices were served under the Housing Acts, 1930, and 6 Statutory Notices, during 1936.

Closet Accommodation.

The following table shows the particulars of the closet accommodation in the district:-

Fresh Water Closets   574
Waste Water Closets   1,440
Pail Closets   30

Offensive Trades.

There are 18 premises on the register, viz., Gut Scrapers, 1 ; Marine Store Dealers, 3; Fried Fish Shops, 14.

All these premises have been frequently visited and were found to be kept very clean, giving no cause for complaint.

Factories and Workshops.

There are 75 Factories and Workshops on the register. Several visits have been made to these premises and no cause for complaint was found.

No notices were served, verbal warnings only being necessary.

Refuse Collection and Disposal.

The household refuse is collected by a horse-drawn vehicle occupied whole time. All ashbins are emptied weekly and ashpits monthly.

The refuse is deposited on land, and the practice of controlled tipping has removed all cause for complaint.

17 ashpits have been abolished during the year.

Refuse Receptacles.

Steady progress has been made in the conversion of ashpits to the movable dustbin system.

Cleansing Dept., Collection and Disposal of House Refuse.

The whole of the cleansing, both refuse collection and disposal, is carried out by the Council, under my supervision, through the Cleansing Department, and the work is carried out systematically, no complaints being received.

Shop refuse is collected twice weekly and deposited on the Council's tip, and satisfactorily covered.

The house refuse is disposed of entirely by tipping. The tips are satisfactory, and free from nuisance.

Storage of Petroleum and Carbide.

20 visits have been paid to premises where petroleum and carbide are stored.'

To store Petroleum   14
To store Carbide   1

There were no infringements observed.

In conclusion, I desire to acknowledge the many kindnesses extended to me by the Chairman and Members of the Health Committee, the Clerk to the Council, Medical Officer of Health, the Accountant, Surveyor, my staff, and all others who have assisted me in the discharge of my duties.

I have the honour to be,    
  Your obedient servant,  
    Mem. Royal Sanitary Institute,
Associate Member Institution of Sanitary Engineers (Cert. Inspector of Meat and other Foods).
(Cert, of the Royal San. Inst. in the Work of a Sanitary Inspector).
Sanitary Inspector and Superintendent of Refuse Collection and Disposal, and Petroleum Officer.