BYELAWS MADE BY THE Urban District Council of Rishton WITH RESPECT TO THE Drainage of Existing Buildings In the Urban District of Rishton.
Inter of Terms.
1. In the construction of these byelaws the following words and expressions shall have the meanings hereinafter respectively assigned to them, unless the context otherwise requires,
"Council" means the Urban District Council of Rishton.
"Existing building" means any building existing at the time when any work to which the following bye1aws relate is undertaken.
2. Any building which is exempt from the operation of the byelaws relating to new streets and buildings in force for the time being within the Urban District of Rishton shall be exempt from the operation of these byelaws.
With respect to the drainage of existing buildings.
3. Every person who shall construct a drain for the drainage of any existing building shall, in the construction of such drain, comply with such of the following rules as are applicable :—
(1) The drain shall be formed of good sound pipes of glazed stoneware, heavy cast iron, or other equally suitable material.
(2) The drain shall be of an adequate size and be laid with a proper fall and with suitable watertight joints.
(3) If constructed or adapted to be used for conveying sewage the drain shall have an internal diameter not less than four inches;
(4) (a) The drain shall be properly and suitably supported and protected against injury;
(b) if the drain is laid on or in the ground, is constructed of material other than heavy cast iron, and is constructed or adapted to he used for conveying sewage or the nature of the soil renders, the precaution necessary, it shall, for a distance of at least fifty feet from the building, be laid on a bed of good concrete;
(c) if the drain is constructed on or in the ground and is constructed of cast iron it shall he suitably protected against external corrosion.
(5) (a) The drain shall not be laid so as to pass under any building except where any other mode of construction is impracticable;
(b) if the drain is laid so as to pass under any building—
(i) it shall be laid in a direct line for the whole extent beneath the building, or if this is impracticable it shall to that extent be laid in direct lines;
(ii) it shall, if laid in the ground and constructed of material other than heavy cast iron, be completely embedded in and covered with good and solid concrete at least six inches thick all round;
(iii) adequate means of access shall be provided for the whole length of the drain beneath the building, and if the drain is not laid in one direct line beneath the building an inspection chamber shall be provided at each change of direction.
(6) Every inlet to the drain, not being an inlet provided for the ventilation of the drains, shall be properly trapped.
4. (i) Every person who shall construct for the drainage of any existing building a drain which empties into any cesspool or other place (not being a sewer) for the reception of sewage shall. cause such drain to be disconnected from the cesspool or other place by means of a suitable trap situated as far as practicable from the building and as near as practicable to the point at which the drain s empties, and where practicable within the curtilage of the building.
(2) He shall provide in connexion with such trap proper means of access for the purpose of cleansing.
(3) Provided that this byelaw shall not apply so as to require a trap for any drain discharging into the open air.
(4) Provided also that where two or more buildings are drained by one combined drain, this byelaw shall not apply so as to require a trap for a drain joining the combined drain.
5. Every person who shall construct for the drainage of any existing building a drain which is a branch drain or tributary drain to the main drain of the building shall so construct such branch drain or tributary drain that it will join any drain into which it empties obliquely in the direction of the flow of the latter drain.
6. Every person who shall construct a drain for the drainage of any existing building shall cause such drain to be provided with suitable and sufficient means of ventilation.
7. A person who shall construct a drain for the drainage of any existing building shall not construct such drain in such a manner as to allow any inlet to such drain (except such inlet as may be necessary from the apparatus of any water-closet or any slop sink constructed or adapted to he used for receiving within such building any soil or liquid filth) to be made within such building.
8. Every person who shall construct a soil pipe in connexion with any water-closet of an existing building or a waste pipe from any slop sink constructed or adapted to be used for receiving within such building any solid or liquid filth shall comply with the following rules :
(I) Every such soil pipe and waste pipe shall be formed of heavy cast iron, lead, or other suitable material at least three and a half inches in internal diameter.
(2) Every ventilating pipe provided in connexion with such soil pipe or waste pipe shall be formed of cast iron, lead, or other suitable material at least three inches in internal diameter.
(3) Every such ventilating pipe, soil pipe or waste pipe shall be—
(a) so constructed that there shall not be any trap either at the point of junction with the drains or (except where necessary as a part of the apparatus of any water-closet or slop sink) in any other part of the pipe;
(b) not enclosed by any part of the building except (i) where it forms a branch communicating with a water or other internal fitting, and (ii) where it passes through any cornice or similar external architectural feature;
(c) carried upwards vertically to such a height and in such a manner as effectually to prevent the escape of any foul air from the drains into any building;
(d) so constructed that no bend or angle shall (except where unavoidable) be formed in the pipe, and that where any such bend or angle is formed it shall he as obtuse as possible and shall not reduce the internal diameter of the pipe;
(e) covered with a grating or other cover as a protection against injury or obstruction, which shall contain a sufficient number of apertures to admit of the free passage of air.
9. Every person who shall construct a waste pipe from any bath, sink (not being a slop-sink constructed or adapted to be used for receiving any solid or liquid filth) or lavatory, or any other pipe or carrying off foul waste water from any existing building, shall cause such waste pipe or other pipe—
(a) if more than six feet in length to be properly trapped, and
(b) to discharge to a trapped gully with a proper grating above the level of the water in the trap.
10. Every person who shall construct an overflow pipe from any cistern or, from any safe under any bath or water-closet of an existing building shall cause such overflow pipe to discharge in the open air and where possible in a conspicuous position.
As to the giving of notices; and as to inspection by the Council.
11. (i) Every person who shall execute any work to which any of the foregoing byelaws apply shall—
(a) give the surveyor of the council at least twenty four hours notice in writing of the date and time at which the execution of the work will be commenced ; and
(b). if the execution of the work involves the covering up of any drain to which these byelaws apply, give the surveyor at least twenty four hours notice in writing of the date and time at which the covering-up will be commenced.
(2) If such person neglects or refuses to give any such notice, and if the surveyor on inspecting the work finds that it is so far advanced that he cannot ascertain whether any of the foregoing byelaws have been contravened and within a reasonable time there after gives such person a notice in writing requiring him within a reasonable time specified in the notice to cut into, lay open, or pull down so much of the work as prevents the surveyor from ascertaining as aforesaid—such person shall within the time so specified comply with such notice.
(3) If such person shall have contravened any of the foregoing byelaws, and shall within a reasonable time after such contravention receive notice in writing from the surveyor pointing out in what respects the work contravenes those byelaws and as a result of such notice shall have amended or added to the work so as to secure compliance with those byelaws, such person shall, within a reasonable time after the completion of such work as he may have under taken to secure compliance with those byelaws, give, notice in writing to the surveyor of the completion of such work and shall at all reasonable times within a period of two days after the giving of such notice of completion afford the surveyor free access to such work for the purpose of inspection.
(4) Such person shall at all times during the execution of the work afford the surveyor free access to the work for the purpose of inspection.
12. Where, in the foregoing byelaws, access is required to be afforded to the surveyor of the council access shall be deemed to he required to be afforded to any person duly authorised in writing to act in place of the surveyor, and to any assistant or workman accompanying such surveyor or person.
13. (i) Every person who shall in pursuance of the foregoing byelaws be required to give, send or deliver, any notice shall sign such notice by himself or cause it to be signed by his duly authorised agent.
( 2) He shall cause any such notice to be sent or delivered either to the office of the council or to the office of the person to whom the notice is required by the foregoing byelaws to be sent or delivered.
14. Every person who shall offend against any of the foregoing byelaws shall be liable for every such offence to a penalty of five pounds, and in the case of a continuing offence to a further penalty of forty shillings for each day after written notice of the offence from the council:
Provided, nevertheless, that the justices or court before whom any complaint may be made or any proceedings may be taken in respect of any such offence may, if they think fit, adjudge the payment as a penalty of any sum less than the full amount of the penalty imposed by this byelaw.
As to the power of the council to remove, alter, or pull down any work begun or done in contravention of the byelaws.
15. If any work to which any of the foregoing byelaws may apply be begun or done in contravention of that byelaw, and the person by whom it is so begun. or done be required, by a notice in writing, signed by the clerk to the council, and duly served upon or delivered to him, to furnish on or before the day specified in the notice a statement in writing under his hand or under the hand of an• agent duly authorized in that behalf, showing sufficient cause why the work shall not be removed, altered, or pulled down, or to attend personally or by an agent duly authorized in that behalf before the council on such day and at such time and place as shall he specified in the notice and show sufficient cause why the work shall not be removed, altered or pulled down, and if such person fail to show sufficient cause why the work shall not be removed, altered, or pulled down, the council shall be empowered, subject to any statutory provision in that behalf, to remove, alter, or pull down the work:
Provided that this byelaw shall not be deemed to empower the council to remove, alter, or pull down any work—
(1) which has been completed for more than twelve months; or
(2) in respect of which—
(a) all notices as required by the byelaw in that behalf have been duly given by the person undertaking the work; and
(b) the surveyor of the council has not within seven days after the completion of the work taken exception to the work as contravening the byelaws.
i6. The Common Seal of the Rishton Urban District Council was hereunder affixed in pursuance of a Resolution passed at a meeting of the said Council on the 22nd day of February, 1927, in the presence of
J. T. HOPE, Chairman. ALFRED E. ROBERTS, Clerk.
Allowed by the Minister of Health this twenty-second day of March, 1927,.
E. H. RHODES,
Ministry of Health.