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BYELAWS MADE BY THE The Urban District Council of Rishton WITH RESPECT TO HOUSES intended or used for occupation by the working classes and let in lodgings or occupied by members of more than one family In The Urban District of Rishton.

Interpretation of Terms.

I. In these byelaws unless the context otherwise requires :— "Council" means the Urban District Council of Rishton.

"District " means the Urban District of Rishton.

"Lodging-house" means a house or part of a house intended or used for occupation by the working classes and let in lodgings or occupied by members of more than one family.

"Occupier" means the person by whom or on whose behalf a lodging-house is let in lodgings or for occupation by members of more than one family or who for the time being receives or is entitled to receive, whether on his own account or as agent or trustee for any other person, the profits arising from such letting.

"Lodger" means a person to whom any room or rooms in a lodging-house may have been let as a lodging or for his use and occupation.

"Owner " means the person for the time being receiving, whether on his own account or as agent or trustee for any other person, a rack-rent within the meaning of the Public Health Act, 1875, from an occupier, or who would so receive that rack—rent if the lodging-house were let to an occupier.

General.

2. These byelaws shall not apply to any lodging-house in which the occupier resides and not more than one family is lodged.

3. No proceedings shall be taken against any person for an offence against any of the byelaws numbered 7, 11, 15, 16, 18, 21 and 22, unless and until .a notice in writing has been served upon him by the Council requiring him within a period specified in the notice to comply with the byelaws and he has failed to do so.

4. A person shall not let for occupation by members of more than one family any lodging which does not comply with these byelaws:

Provided that in the case of a house so let or occupied at the date of the confirmation of these byelaws, any byelaw which renders necessary the execution of any works shall not apply until the expiration of three months from the date of confirmation.

5. Nothing in the following byelaws shall be deemed to dispense with any requirements in byelaws or statutory provisions regulating the erection of new buildings or the alteration of existing buildings.

6. Any notices required or authorised by these byelaws to be given to any person may be served personally or by registered letter addressed to his usual or last known residence or place of business.

For fixing the number of persons who may occupy a house or part of a house which is let in lodgings or occupied by members of more than one family.

7. A person shall not knowingly permit any room in a lodging house wholly or partly used as a sleeping apartment to be occupied at any one time by a greater number of persons than will allow three hundred and sixty cubic feet of free air space for each person of an age exceeding ten years, and two hundred and fifty cubic feet of free air space for each person of an age not exceeding ten years.

For the registration and in of such houses.

8. Where the Council by a notice in writing signed by the Clerk require for the purposes of registration any of the particulars hereinafter specified the occupier shall within the period, if any, specified in the notice furnish such particulars, namely :—

(a) The total of rooms in the house;

(b) The total number of rooms let in lodgings or occupied by members of more than one family;

(c) The dimensions and manner of use of each room;

(d) The number, age, and sex of the occupants of each room wholly or partly used for sleeping;

(e) The full name of the person to whom each room is let;

(f) The name and address of the owner of the house;

(g) The number of water or other closets and the nature of the water and washing accommodation.

9. Ever person residing in a lodging shall, at all reason able times when required by the Medical Officer of Health, the Sanitary Inspector, or the Surveyor of the Council, afford such officer free access to the interior of the premises and to the interior of any room or rooms let to him.

10. A person shall not wilfully delay or obstruct any officer of the Council who has lawfully entered any lodging for the purpose of inspecting the premises, or, without reasonable excuse, neglect or refuse to render him such assistance as he may reasonably require for the purpose of inspection.

For enforcing drainage and promoting cleanliness and ventilation of such houses.

For securing the adequate lighting of every room in such houses.

11. Every owner of a lodging-house shall at all times

(a) Keep in good repair all drains and means of drainage, and every closet, sink and bath;

(b) Provide and maintain in connection with every tap from which water may be drawn efficient means for carrying off any waste water from the tap;

(c) Provide every habitable room of the house with a window or windows. opening directly into: the external air and having where practicable a total area, exclusive of the sash frames, equal at least to one-tenth of the floor area of the room., and capable of being opened at the top and to at least one-third of the extent of the window;

(d) Provide every closet in the house with efficient means of ventilation directly into the external air, and with a window of an area of not, less than two square feet exclusive of the sash frame, opening where practicable directly into the external air;

(e) Provide and maintain adequate means of ventilation for every room, passage or staircase;

(f) Keep in good repair all window cords and the fittings of the windows in the house.

12. Every occupier of a lodging-house shall

(a) Keep thoroughly clean and wholesome every common staircase, landing and passage, every common cistern or other receptacle for the storage of water supplied to the premises, all drains and means of drainage, every common closet, sink and bath, and every common receptacle for filth or refuse;

(b) Keep thoroughly clean and wholesome all beds, bed clothes, and bedding furnished by him;’

(c) After the termination of the letting of any room therein to any lodger and before the room is occupied by any other lodger, thoroughly cleanse the floor of the room and so far as may be necessary every part of the premises and the fittings or appliances which have been exclusively used by the first mentioned lodger and will be exclusively used by the succeeding lodger.

13. Every lodger in a lodging-house shall

(a) Every day before the hour of two o’clock in the after noon remove all filth, and refuse from every room which has been let to him and thoroughly cleanse every receptacle which has been used for filth or refuse and to the exclusive use of which he is entitled;

(b) Keep thoroughly clean and wholesome every staircase, landing and passage, every cistern or other receptacle fox the storage of water supplied to the premises and every closet, sink and bath to the exclusive use of which he is entitled;

(c) Keep thoroughly clean every window, fixture or fitting, and all paint, in every room let to him;

(d) Keep thoroughly clean and wholesome all beds, bed clothes and bedding belonging to and used by him or any member of his family.;

(e) Keep open for at least, one hour in the day every window of every room let to him and used as a sleeping apart meat, unless reasonably prevented by the state of the weather or any other sufficient cause;

(f) Keep thoroughly clean and wholesome the floor of every room let to him.

14. A lodger in a lodging-house shall not

(a) Keep or permit to be kept any animal in any room let to him or elsewhere upon the premises in such manner as to render the room or premises filthy or unwholesome;

(b) Deposit or permit to be deposited any filth or liquid refuse in any receptacle provided for the deposit of dust, ashes or other dry refuse only.

For requiring provision adequate for the use of and readily accessible to each family of—

(i) closet accommodation;

(ii) Water-supply and washing accommodation;

(iii) accommodation for the storage, preparation and cooking of food;

and, where necessary, for securing separate accommodation as aforesaid for every part of such house which is occupied as a separate dwelling.

15. Every owner of a lodging-house shall provide adequate for the use of and readily accessible to each family by whom any part of the house is occupied

(a) Water closet accommodation;

(b) A supply of water for domestic, use;

(c) Accommodation for washing clothes;

(d) Accommodation for the storage of food in a reasonably cool position with proper ventilation from the external air wherever practicable and with protection from dust and flies;

(e) Accommodation for the preparation and cooking of food; and, where necessary, separate accommodation as aforesaid for every part of the house which is occupied as a separate dwelling.

For the keeping in repair and adequate lighting of any common staircase in such houses.

16. Every owner of a lodging shall

(a) Keep every common staircase in the lodging-house in a state of good repair;

(b) Wherever practicable provide every common staircase with adequate means of lighting by natural light, including, in the case of a new building constructed for use as a lodging a window or windows on the staircase at each storey opening directly into the external air;

(c) Provide adequate means for the artificial lighting of every common staircase.

17. Every occupier of a lodging-house shall keep efficient and lighted at all times when necessary any means provided for the artificial lighting of any common staircase.

For securing stability and the prevention of and safety from fires.

18. Every owner of a lodging-house shall carry out such works as may from time to time be necessary, for securing that the house shall he throughout of adequate stability.

19. A person erecting a new building intended to be used as a lodging shall construct of incombustible material every wall, the floor of every room above the ground floor, and, if the building comprises more than two storeys above the ground level, every landing and the floor of every corridor or passage:

Provided that any such floor or landing may be constructed of timber if all the spaces between the joists are filled in with good concrete, pugging or other solid and incombustible material at least three inches thick, and. the underside of the floor or landing is completely covered with a sufficient thickness of good plaster or other suitable incombustible material properly fixed.

20. The occupier of or a lodger in a lodging-house shall not cause an obstruction to be placed in any flight of stairs, passage or other means: of escape in the house, and the occupier shall cause every door in connection with such means of escape to be so fitted that it can be readily opened.

For the cleansing and redecoration of the premises at stated times, and for the paving of the courts and courtyards.

21. Every owner of a lodging shall

(a) In the month of April in each year thoroughly cleanse every part of the premises, and, where the internal surface or covering of a wall or ceiling or of any woodwork is in an unwholesome condition, lime wash such surface or strip off and renew the paper or other covering with which such surface may be covered or renew the paint, as circumstances may require;

(b) Pave every court and courtyard with impervious pavement sloped to a properly constructed channel leading to a trapped gully grating so arranged as effectively to carry off all rain or waste water; and

(c) At all times keep in good order and proper repair the pavement, channel and grating.

For the provision of handrails, where necessary for all staircases of such houses.

22. Every owner of a lodging shall cause every flight of stairs in every staircase in the lodging to be furnished, where necessary, with a sufficient handrail or handrails securely fixed.

Penalties

23. Every person who shall offend against any of these bye laws shall be liable for every offence to a penalty not exceeding five pounds and in the case of a continuing offence to a, further penalty not exceeding forty shillings for each day during which the offence continues after written notice of the offence has been served on him by the Council.

24. The Common Seal of the Rishton Urban District Council was hereunder affixed in pursuance of a Resolution passed at a meeting of the said Council on the 22nd day of February, 1927, in the presence of

J. T. HOPE, Chairman.

ALFRED E. ROBERTS, Clerk.

Allowed by the Minister of Health this twenty-second day of March, 1927.

E. H. RHODES,

Assistant Secretary,

Ministry of Health.