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BYELAWS MADE BY THE Urban District Council of Rishton For the Regulation of Offensive Trades IN THE URBAN DISTRICT OF RISHTON

Interpretation

I Throughout these byelaws the expression "the Council" means the Urban District Council of Rishton , and the expression "a rag and bone dealer" means any person who for the purpose of sale carries on upon any premises the trade of receiving, storing, sorting or manipulating any rags in an offensive condition or in a condition likely to become offensive or any bones, rabbit skins, fat or other putrescible animal products of a like nature

With respect to the trades of a Blood-boiler and a Blood-drier

2 Every blood-.boiler or blood-drier shall cause all blood which has been received upon the premises where his trade is carried on, and which is not required for immediate use, to be stored in such a manner and in such a situation as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia therefrom

3 Every blood-boiler or blood-drier shall, at the close of every working day, cause every floor or pavement elsewhere than in that part of the premises where the processes of drying and packing are carried on to be thoroughly washed

4 Every blood-boiler or blood-drier shall, at the close of every working day, cause every vessel or utensil and every implement which has been in use during the day upon the premises where his trade is carried on, or which is in a foul or offensive condition, to be thoroughly cleansed.

5. Every blood-boiler or blood-drier shall cause every part of the internal surface of the walls of any building upon the premises where his trade is carried on and every floor or pavement on such premises to be kept at all times in good order and repair so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth or refuse, or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed thereon.

6. Every blood-boiler or blood-drier shall adopt the best practical means of rendering innocuous all vapour emitted, during the process of boiling or drying, from the contents of any pan or other receptacle or from any kiln or drying floor upon the premises where his trade is carried on.

He shall in every case either cause the vapour to be discharged into the external air in such a manner and at such a height as to admit of the diffusion of the vapour, without noxious or. injurious effects, or shall cause the vapour to pass directly from the pan or receptacle, or from the kiln or drying floor, through a fire, or into a suitable condensing apparatus, or through a suitable condensing apparatus and then through a fire in such a manner as effectually to consume the vapour, or to deprive the same of all noxious or injurious properties.

With respect to the trade of a Bone-boiler

7. Every bone—boiler shall cause all bones which have been received upon the premises where his trade is carried on, and which are not immediately required for boiling, to be stored in such a manner and in such a situation as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia therefrom.

8. Every bone-boiler shall at the close of every working day cause all grease, refuse, or filth which may have been spilled or splashed, or may have fallen or been deposited upon any floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on, to be removed therefrom by scraping or some other effectual means of cleansing.

9. Every bone-boiler shall cause every. part of the internal surface of the walls of any building and every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order and repair so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth, or refuse, or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed or may fall or be deposited thereon.

10. Every bone-boiler shall adopt the best practicable means of rendering innocuous, all gas or vapour emitted during the process of boiling from the contents of any pan or tank, and all gas or vapour emitted from any chamber used for the storage of boiled bones upon the premises where his trade is carried on.

He shall, in every case, cause the. gas or vapour either to be discharged into the external air in such a manner and at such a height as to admit of the diffusion of the gas or vapour without noxious or injurious effects, or to pass directly from the pan, tank, or chamber through a fire, or into a suitable condensing apparatus, or through a suitable condensing apparatus and then through a fire in such a manner as effectually to consume the gas or vapour or to deprive the same of all noxious or injurious properties.

11. Every bone-boiler shall cause all liquid refuse, before being discharged into any drain, from any part of the premises where his trade is carried on to be cooled in such a manner as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia therefrom.

With respect to the trades of a Fellmonger, a Tanner and a Leather-dresser.

12. A fellmonger, tanner, or leather-dresser shall not cause or suffer any skin or hide which, by reason of decomposition, has become useless for the purpose of leather dressing to be kept for a longer time than may be necessary in any part of the premises where his trade is carried on.

13. Every fellmonger, tanner or leather-dresser shall, at the close of every working day, cause every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be thoroughly swept.

He shall at the same time, cause all filth or refuse deposited on the floor or pavement to he collected in suitable vessels or receptacles furnished with closely fitting covers, and to be forthwith removed therein from the premises.

14. Every fellmonger, tanner or leather-dresser shall cause the supply of water in every tank or other receptacle used upon the premises where his trade is carried on for the washing or soaking of any skin or hide and not being a liming pit to be renewed as often as may be necessary to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia from the contents of the tank or other receptacle.

He shall cause every such tank or other receptacle to be furnished with a suitable cover, and, when not required to he open, to be kept covered.

He shall cause part of such tank or other receptacle, when emptied, to be thoroughly cleansed, and shall cause all filth which has been removed therefrom, to be forthwith conveyed from the premises in suitable vessels or receptacles furnished with closely fitting covers.

15. Every fellmonger, tanner or leather shall cause all waste lime which has been taken out of any pit upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be forthwith deposited in suitable vessels or receptacles, or in a properly constructed cart or carriage, which, when filled or loaded, shall be covered in such a manner as to prevents the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia from the contents thereof, and shall, with all reasonable dispatch, be removed from the premises.

16. Every fellmonger, tanner or leather-dresser shall cause every beam, table, bench, knife, hammer or other implement or apparatus used upon the premises where his trade is carried on for the purpose of unhairing, fleshing, breaking, scraping, rounding, scudding, or stocking any hide, butt or pelt, or in any other process of his trade to be cleansed from time to time as often as may be necessary to prevent any accumulation of filth upon the beam, table, bench, knife, hammer, implement or apparatus.

17. Every fellmonger, tanner or leather-dresser shall cause all filth which has been splashed upon any part of the internal surface of any wall of any building upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be removed by scraping or by some other effectual means of cleansing at least twice in every year, that is to say, at least once during the periods between the first and twenty-first day of March, and the first and twenty-first day of September, respectively.

He shall at the same time cause every part of the internal surface above the floor or pavement of the building to be thoroughly washed with hot lime-wash:

Provided always (I) that the foregoing requirement as to lime-washing shall not apply to any part of the internal surface of any building which is painted or covered with impervious material and may be otherwise properly cleansed, and (ii) that this byelaw shall not apply to any part of any such building which is used only for the storage of dry leather.

18. Every fellmonger, tanner or leather-dresser shall cause every part of the internal surface of the walls of any building and every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order and repair, so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth or refuse, or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed or may fall or be deposited thereon.

19. Every fellmonger, tanner or leather-dresser shall cause every part of the interior and exterior of every tub or other vessel or receptacle used upon the premises where his trade is carried on to hold a solution of the material known as "puer" to be thoroughly cleansed by scrubbing or by some other effectual means once at least in every week.

With respect to the trade of a Soap-boiler

20. Every soap—boiler shall cause all materials which have been received upon the premises where his trade is carried on, and which are not required for immediate use, to be stored in such a manner and in such a situation as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia therefrom.

21. Every soap-boiler shall cause every part, of the internal surface of the walls of any building and every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order and repair, so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth, or refuse, or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed or may fall or be deposited thereon.

22. Every soap-boiler shall adopt the best practicable means of rendering innocuous all vapour emitted, during the process of melting or boiling any materials, from the contents of any cask, tank, or pan upon the premises where his trade is carried on.

He shall, in every case, cause the vapour to pass directly from the cask, tank, or pan through a fire, or into a suitable condensing apparatus, or through a suitable condensing apparatus and then through a fire in such a manner as effectually to consume the vapour or to deprive the same of all noxious or injurious properties.

With respect to the trades of a Tallow and of a Fat-melter or Fat-extractor.

23. Every tallow-melter, fat-melter, or fat-extractor shall cause all materials which have been received upon the premises where his trade is carried on, and which are not immediately required for melting or extracting, to be stored in such a manner and in such a situation as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia therefrom.

24. Every tallow-melter, fat—melter, or fat-extractor shall, at the close of every working day, cause all fat, tallow, grease, refuse or filth which has been spilled or splashed, or has fallen or been deposited upon any floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be removed therefrom by scraping or some other effectual means of cleansing.

25. Every tallow-melter, fat-melter, or fat-extractor shall cause every part of the internal surface above the floor or pavement of any building upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be thoroughly cleansed, and, after being so cleansed, to be thoroughly washed with hot lime twice at least in every year, that is to say, at least once during the periods between the first and twenty-first day of March, and the first and twenty-first day of September, respectively:

Provided always that this byelaw shall not apply to any part of the internal surface of any building which is painted or covered with impervious material and may be otherwise properly cleansed.

26. Every tallow.-melter, fat-melter or fat-extractor shall cause every part of the internal surface of the walls of any building and every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order and repair, so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth, or refuse, or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed or may fall or be deposited thereon.

27. Every tallow fat-melter, or fat-extractor shall adopt the best practicable means of rendering innocuous all vapour emitted, during the process of melting or extracting, or during the process of greaves pressing, from the contents of any pan or press upon the. premises where his trade is carried on.

He shall, in every case, either cause the vapour to be discharged into the external air in such a manner and at such a height as to admit of the diffusion of the vapour without noxious or injurious effects, or shall cause the vapour to pass directly from the pan or press through a fire, or into a suitable condensing apparatus, or through a suitable condensing apparatus and then through a fire in such a manner as effectually to consume the vapour, or to deprive the same of all noxious or injurious properties.

With respect to the trade of a Tripe-boiler

28. Every tripe-boiler shall, at the close of every working day, cause every bench or floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be thoroughly washed.

29. Every tripe-boiler shall, at the close of every working day, cause every bench or table used upon the premises where his trade is carried on for the scraping of any tripe to be thoroughly cleansed by scrubbing or by some other effectual means.

30. Every tripe-boiler shall, at the close of every working day, cause all filth which has been splashed upon any part of the internal surface of any wall of any building upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be removed by washing or by some other effectual means.

He shall also cause every part of the internal surface above the floor or pavement of the building to be thoroughly washed with hot lime—wash four times at least in every year, that is to say, at least once during the periods between the first and tenth day of March, the first and tenth day of June, the first and tenth day of September, and the first and tenth day of December, respectively :

Provided always that the foregoing requirement as to lime washing shall not apply to any part of the internal surface of any building which is painted or covered with impervious material, and may be otherwise properly cleansed.

31. Every tripe-boiler shall provide a sufficient number of vessels or receptacles, properly constructed of galvanised iron, or of some other non-absorbent material, and furnished with closely fitting covers, for the purpose of receiving and conveying from the premises, where his trade is carried on, manure, garbage, inedible offal, filth or refuse.

He shall, at the close of every working day, cause all manure, garbage, inedible offal, filth or refuse which has. fallen or been deposited upon any part of the premises and which is not intended to be forthwith subjected to any further trade process upon the premises to be collected in the vessels or receptacles so provided and to be removed from the premises with all reasonable dispatch.

He shall cause the several vessels or receptacles, when not in actual use, to be kept thoroughly clean.

32. Every tripe-boiler shall cause every part of the internal surface of the walls of any building, and every, floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order and repair, so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth or refuse, or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed or may fall or be deposited thereon.

33. Every tripe-boiler shall adopt the best practicable means of rendering innocuous all gas or vapour emitted, during the process of boiling, from the contents of any pan upon the premises where his trade is carried on.

He shall, in every case, cause the gas or vapour either to be discharged into the external air in such a manner and at such a height as to admit of the diffusion of the gas or vapour without noxious or injurious effects, or to pass directly from the pan through a fire, or into a suitable condensing apparatus, or through a suitable condensing apparatus and then through a fire in such a manner as effectually to consume the gas or vapour, or to deprive the same of all noxious or injurious properties.

34. Every tripe-boiler shall cause all liquid refuse, before being discharged into any drain, from any part of the premises where his trade is carried on to be cooled in such a manner as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia therefrom.

With respect to the trades of a Glue-maker and of a Size-maker.

35. A glue-maker or size-maker shall not cause or suffer any moist materials which, by reason of decomposition, have become useless for the purpose of glue-making or size-making to be kept for a longer time than may be necessary in any part of the premises where his trade is carried on.

36. Every glue-maker or size-maker shall cause all moist materials which have been received upon the premises where his trade is carried on, and which are not required for immediate use, to be stored in such a manner and in such a situation as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia therefrom.

He shall, where practicable, cause the materials to be dried before being deposited .in that part of the premises which has been appropriated for the storage thereof.

In every case, where by reason of the state of the weather or for any other sufficient cause, it may be impracticable to dry the materials he shall cause the several pieces to be subjected to the action of a sufficient quantity of milk of lime, and to he closely stacked.

37. Every glue-maker or size-maker shall cause all scutch, residue or refuse which has been removed from any boiling pan upon the premises where his trade is carried on, and which is not intended to be forthwith subjected to any further trade process upon the premises, to be deposited, immediately after removal from the pan, in a suitable chamber or shed, and in such a manner as to prevent the emission of any noxious or injurious effluvia from the scutch, residue or refuse so deposited; or to be placed, immediately after removal from the pan, in bags or sacks, casks or barrels, which, when filled, shall be closed and fastened or covered in such a manner as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia from the contents thereof.

In every case, where the scutch, residue, or refuse has been deposited in a chamber or shed, he shall cause all the contents thereof to be removed from the premises within forty-eight hours after the deposit of the same in the chamber or shed.

38. Every glue-maker or size-maker shall, at the close of every working day, cause every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be thoroughly swept.

He shall cause every floor or pavement elsewhere than in that part of the premises where the processes of drying and packing are carried on to be thoroughly washed once at least in every week.

39. Every glue-maker or size-maker shall, at the close of every working day, cause every fragment of glue or size, or of any material used in glue-making or size-making which has fallen or been deposited upon any part of the premises where his trade is carried on to be collected and placed in a suitable receptacle.

40. Every glue-maker or size-maker shall cause the interior and exterior of every boiling pan, and of every tank, vat, trough, or other receptacle upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be thoroughly cleansed from time to time as often as may be necessary to prevent any accumulation of filth in or upon the pan, tank, vat, trough, or receptacle.

41. Every glue-maker or size-maker shall cause all waste lime which has been taken out of any pit upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be forthwith deposited in suitable vessels or receptacles, or in a properly constructed cart or carriage, which, when filled or loaded, shall, be covered in such a manner as to prevent the emission of noxious or injurious effluvia from the contents thereof, and shall, with .all reasonable dispatch, be removed from the premises.

42. Every glue-maker or size-maker shall cause every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order and repair so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth or refuse, or any noxious or injurious matter which may fall or be deposited thereon.

He shall cause every part of the internal surface above the floor or pavement of any building used for the process of boiling, cooling, cutting, washing or packing to be thoroughly washed with hot lime-wash during the period between the first and thirty-first day of March in every year :

Provided always that the foregoing requirement as to lime-washing shall not apply to any part of the internal surface of any building which is painted or covered with impervious material and may be otherwise properly cleansed.

43. Every glue-maker or size-maker shall adopt the best practicable means of rendering innocuous all gas or vapour emitted, during the process of boiling from the contents of any pan upon the premises where his trade is carried on.

He shall, in every case, either cause the gas or vapour to be discharged into the external air in such a manner and at such a height as to admit of the diffusion of the gas or vapour without noxious, or injurious effects, or shall cause the gas or vapour to pass directly from the pan through a fire or into a suitable condensing apparatus, or through a suitable condensing apparatus and then through a fire in such a manner as effectually to consume the gas or vapour, or to deprive the same of all noxious or injurious properties.

With respect to the trade of a Gut-scraper.

44. Every gut-scraper shall cause all undried guts which have been received upon the premises where his trade is carried on, and which are not required for immediate use, to be placed in suitable vessels or receptacles, properly constructed of galvanised iron or of some other non-absorbent material and furnished with closely fitting covers.

He shall cause the several vessels or receptacles in which the guts have been placed to be covered and to be kept covered until it becomes necessary to remove the contents for actual use.

45. Every gut-scraper shall, at frequent intervals during every working day, cause every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be thoroughly swept and to be copiously sprinkled or washed with an effective deodorant powder or solution.

46. Every gut-scraper shall, at the close of every working day, cause every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be thoroughly cleansed.

He shall, at the same time, cause all refuse, fragments of gut, or other matter detached in the process of scraping, and all garbage filth or other offensive matter, to be collected and placed in suitable vessels or receptacles, properly constructed of galvanized iron or of some other non material and furnished with closely fitting covers, and containing a sufficient quantity of a deodorant.

He shall cause the several vessels or receptacles, when filled, to be covered, and shall cause the vessels or receptacles with the contents thereof to be forthwith removed from the premises.

He shall also cause every vessel or receptacle, when not in actual use, to be kept thoroughly clean.

47. Every gut shall, at the close of every working day, cause every bench or table, every tub, vessel, or utensil, and every implement which has been in use during the day upon the premises where his trade is carried on, or which is in a foul or offensive condition, to be thoroughly cleansed with water containing a deodorant.

48. Every gut-scraper shall, at the close of every working day, cause all filth or refuse which has been splashed upon any part of the internal surface of any wall of any building upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be removed by scraping or by some other effectual means.

49. Every gut-scraper shall cause every part of the internal surface above the floor or pavement of any building upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be thoroughly washed with hot lime-wash four times at least in every year, that is to say, at least once during the periods between the first arid tenth day, of March, the first and tenth day of June, the first and tenth day of September, and the first and tenth day of December, respectively:

Provided always that this byelaw shall not apply to any part of the internal surface of any building which is painted or covered with impervious material and may be otherwise properly cleansed.

50. Every gut-scraper shall cause every part of the internal surface of the walls of any building and every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order and repair so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth or refuse, or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed or may fall or be deposited thereon.

With respect to the trade of a Rag and Bone Dealer.

51. A rag and bone dealer shall not place or store, or cause or suffer to be placed or stored, any rags in an offensive condition or in a condition likely to become offensive, or bones, rabbit skins, fat or other putrescible animal products of a like nature in any part of the premises where his trade is carried on which is used or occupied as a living or sleeping room, or in any warehouse, building or room that is not provided with proper and sufficient means of ventilation.

52. Every rag and hone dealer shall cause every part of the internal surface above the floor or pavement of any building in which his trade is carried on to be washed with hot lime-wash twice at least in every year, that is to say, at least once during the periods between the first and twenty-first day of April, and the first and twenty first day of October:

Provided always that this byelaw shall not apply to any part of the internal surface of any building which is painted or covered with impervious material and may be otherwise properly cleansed.

53. Every rag and bone dealer shall store all bones, fat or other putrescible animal products of a like nature in suitable metal vessels or receptacles furnished with closely fitting covers or in well tarred bags kept closed, and shall cause the same to be removed from the premises at frequent intervals.

54. Every rag and bone dealer shall cause every part of the internal surface of the walls of any building and every floor or pavement upon the premises where his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order, condition and repair so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth or refuse or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed or may fall or be deposited thereon.

With respect to the trade of a Fish-fryer.

55. A fish-fryer shall not cause or suffer any vessel or receptacle which has contained wet fish to be kept for a longer period than twenty-four hours upon the premises where his trade is carried on, unless such vessel or receptacle has been cleaned and rendered inoffensive.

56. Every fish-fryer shall provide a sufficient number of vessels or receptacles, properly constructed of galvanised iron or of some other non-absorbent material and furnished with closely fitting covers, for the purpose of receiving and conveying from the premises where his trade: is carried on all waste fish, guts, garbage and other putrescible refuse.

He shall cause all waste fish, guts, garbage and other putrescible refuse to be placed in such vessels or receptacles immediately on its production.

He shall cause all waste fish, guts, garbage and other putrescible refuse to be removed from the premises in such vessels or receptacles within thirty hours of its production.

57. Every fish-fryer shall cause the internal surface above the floor or pavement of every room or building in which any process of his trade is carried on to be kept at all times in good order and repair,: so as to prevent the absorption therein of any liquid filth or refuse or any noxious or injurious matter which may be splashed thereon, and. he shall cause the floor or pavement of such room or building, .and all apparatus, utensils and appliances used therein, and every vessel or receptacle in which any trade materials or any waste fish, guts, garbage, or other putrescible refuse is placed to be kept clean.

58. Every fish-fryer shall cause the room or enclosure in which his stove is situated to be provided with adequate and permanent means of ventilation to the external air.

59.(1) Every fish-fryer shall adopt the best practicable means of rendering innocuous all gas or vapour emitted during the process of frying, from the contents of any pan upon the premises where his trade is carried on.

(2) He shall cause every stove used for the purpose of his trade to be provided with side screen and a suitable hood of hard smooth and impervious material; and shall cause such hood to be connected with a flue having a good draught, or he shall cause every pan in such stove to be completely covered with a suitable cover having an aperture which shall communicate directly with such a flue or with a suitable condenser.

(3) He shall, except where communication is made with a suitable condenser in accordance with paragraph (2) of this byelaw, cause the gas or vapour either to be discharged from such flue into the external air in such a manner and at such a height as to admit of the diffusion of the gas or vapour without noxious or injurious effects, or to pass from such flue through a fire or into a suitable condensing apparatus, in such a manner as effectually to consume the gas or vapour, or to deprive the same of all noxious or injurious properties:

Provided always that the requirements of paragraphs (2) and (3) of this byelaw shall not apply to any premises where the trade of a fish-fryer was carried on at the date of the confirmation of these byelaws, until the expiration of a period of twelve months from such confirmation.

General Provisions.

60. Every person to whom any of the foregoing byelaws may apply shall cause every drain or means of drainage upon or in connection with the premises where his trade is carried on to be maintained at all times in good order and efficient action.

61. Every person to whom any of the foregoing byelaws may apply shall, at all reasonable times, afford free access to every part of the premises where his trade. is carried on to the Medical Officer of Health, the Sanitary Inspector, or the Surveyor of the Council, or to any committee specially appointed by the Council in that behalf, for the purpose of inspecting the premises.

Penalties.

62 Every person who shall offend against any of the foregoing byelaws shall be liable for every such offence to a penalty of five pounds, and in the case of a continuing offence to a further penalty of forty shillings for each day after written notice of the offence from the Council:

Provided nevertheless that the justices or court before whom any complaint may be made or any proceedings may be taken in respect of an such offence may, if they think fit, adjudge the payment as a penalty of any sum less than the full amount of the penalty imposed by this byelaw.

63 The Common Seal of the Rishton Urban District Council was hereunder affixed in pursuance of a Resolution passed at a meeting of the said Council on the 22nd day of February, 1927, in the presence of

J T HOPE, Chairman

ALFRED E ROBERTS, Clerk

Allowed by the Minister of Health, this twenty second day of March, 1927.

E. U. RHODES,

Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Health