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BYELAWS MADE BY THE Urban District Council of Rishton WITH RESPECT TO NUISANCES IN THE URBAN DISTRICT OF RISHTON

Interpretation of Terms.

1. Throughout these byelaws the expression "the Council" means the Urban District Council of Rishton; and the expression "the district " means the Urban District of Rishton.

For the prevention of nuisances arising from snow, filth, dust, ashes and rubbish.

2. Every person who shall remove any snow from any premises or from any footway shall avoid any undue accumulation thereof in any channel or carriageway or upon any paved crossing.

If during its removal any snow be deposited upon any footway he shall forthwith remove it.

3. Every person who shall throw salt upon any snow on any footway shall forthwith effectually remove the whole of the product of the salt and snow.

4. A person shall not, in removing any filth, dust, ashes or rubbish from any premises, deposit such filth, dust, ashes or rubbish upon any footway or carriageway.

5. A person shall not within twenty yards from any street or from any premises used wholly or partly for human habitation, or as a school or place of public resort or worship or on which any person is employed in any manufacture, trade, or business, without reasonable excuse, cleanse or remove any of the contents of any privy, cesspool, or like receptacle for filth, except between the following hours :— March to October: 6 a.m.—8-30 a.m. (both inclusive);

November to February: 7 a.m.—9-30 a.m. (both inclusive)

6. (a) Every person conveying any filth, dust, ashes or rubbish across, along or through any street shall adopt all necessary precautions to prevent any of the filth, dust, ashes or rubbish from being slopped or spilled, or from falling upon any footway or carriageway and shall, where necessary for that purpose, use a cart or carriage or other suitable vessel or receptacle properly constructed and sufficiently covered.

(b) If during such conveyance any filth, dust, ashes or rubbish be so slopped or spilled, or so fall he shall forthwith clean the place on which it was slopped or spilled or fell.

7. Where any cargo, load or collection of filth or rubbish emitting a stench, conveyed to any place within the district to await removal by the owner or consignee, is exposed without adequate means of preventing the emission of stench therefrom within one hundred yards—

(a) from any street or from any premises used wholly or partly for human habitation, or

(b) from any school or place of public resort, or worship, or

(c) from any place in which any person is employed in any manufacture, trade, or business,

the owner or consignee or any person who may have undertaken delivery to the owner or consignee of the filth or rubbish shall not, without reasonable excuse, cause or suffer it to remain in such place for more than twenty-four hours after its deposit.

8. A person shall not, for agricultural purposes, deposit or cause to be deposited within one hundred yards—

(a) from any street, or from any premises used wholly or partly for human habitation, or

(b) from any school, or place of public resort or worship, or

(c) from any place in which any person is employed in any manufacture, trade, or business,

any filth removed from a cesspool or privy or from any receptacle used in connection with a privy, unless it shall, with all reasonable dispatch, be ploughed or dug into the ground or covered with a sufficient layer of earth or ashes, or shall be otherwise treated so as to prevent as far as practicable the emission of stench.

9. A person shall not unload or deposit any filth or rubbish emitting a stench and brought to the place of unloading or deposit to await removal therefrom—

(i) within one hundred yards

(a) from any street or from any premises used wholly or partly for human habitation, or

(b) from any school or place of public resort or worship, or

(c) from any place in which any person is employed in any manufacture, trade, or business, or

(2) in any place where the filth or rubbish is likely to give offence to any person on any of the above-mentioned premises unless it is forthwith covered with a sufficient layer of earth or ashes or otherwise treated so as to prevent the emission of stench.

10. Every person who shall convey any filth or rubbish emitting a stench through or along any street shall, before and during its conveyance cause it to be covered with lime or otherwise treated so as to prevent as far as practicable the emission of stench.

11. Every person who shall intend to form in the district a deposit of filth, dust, ashes, or rubbish, of such a nature as is likely to cause a nuisance shall give to the Council fourteen days notice in writing of such intention, which shall be delivered to or sent to the Clerk to the Council at his or their office, or to their Sanitary Inspector at his or their Office.

Provided that this byelaw shall not be deemed to apply to any filth or rubbish to which byelaws 7, 8 and 9 apply.

12. Every person who forms in the district a deposit of filth, dust, ashes, or rubbish, of such nature as is likely to cause a nuisance, shall comply with the following rules:

(1) The deposit shall be made in layers.

(2) No layer shall exceed six feet in depth.

(3) Each layer which consists entirely or mainly of fish, animal, or other organic refuse, shall be forthwith covered with earth or other equally suitable substance at least two feet in depth.

(4) Each layer which does not consist entirely or mainly of fish, animal, or other organic refuse, shall be covered on all surfaces exposed to the air with at least nine inches of earth or other equally suitable substance. Provided that during the formation of such layer not more than 100 square yards may be left uncovered for more than 72 hours from the time of deposit.

(5) So far as practicable each layer which has been laid and covered with earth, or other substance, shall be allowed to settle before the next layer is added.

(6) Wherever practicable no layer shall be deposited so as to raise the surface of the deposit above the general level of the adjoining ground.

(7) So far as practicable, no layer shall be deposited in water

(8) All reasonable precautions shall be taken to prevent the breaking out of fires and the breeding of flies and vermin on or in such deposit.

(9) All practicable steps shall be taken to secure that tins or other vessels, or loose refuse are not deposited in an exposed condition on or about the place of deposit in such a way as to cause a nuisance.

(10) Sufficient screens or other suitable apparatus shall he provided where necessary, to prevent any paper or other refuse from being blown by the wind away from the place of deposit.

Provided that this byelaw shall not be deemed to apply to any filth or rubbish to which byelaws 8, and 9 apply.

Penalties.

13. Every person who shall offend against any of the foregoing byelaws shall be liable for every such offence to a penalty of five pounds, and in the case of a continuing offence to a further penalty of forty shillings for each day after written notice of the offence from the Council.

Provided nevertheless that the justices or court before whom any complaint may be made or any proceedings may be taken in respect of any such offence may, if they think fit, adjudge the payment as a penalty of any sum less than the full amount of the penalty imposed by this byelaw.

Repeal of Byelaws.

14. From and after the date of the confirmation of these byelaws, the byelaws relating to nuisances which were made by the Local Board for the District of Rishton, acting as the Urban Sanitary Authority, on the nineteenth day of December, 1883, and were confirmed by the Local Government Board on the twenty-ninth day Of April, 1884, shall he repealed.

15. The Common Seal of the Rishton Urban District Council was hereunto affixed, in pursuance of a Resolution passed at a Meeting of the said Council, on the 17th day of May 1928, in the presence of

T. W. BRACEWELL, Chairman.

ALFRED E. ROBERTS, Clerk.

Allowed by the Minister of Health, this twenty-eighth day of September 1928.

A. B. MACLACHLAN

Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Health.