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Streets Off

looking east

Right Hand Street travelling towards Clayton Le Moors

  • Wharf Street

  • Derby Street

  • Butler Street

  • Hanson Street

  • Park Street

Left Hand Side Travelling Towards Clayton Le Moors

  • Parker Street

  • James Street

  • Holt Street

  • Tottleworth Road

Hermitage Street consists of 3 blocks of terrace houses on the left hand side heading East, and 5 blocks of Terrace houses on the right hand side heading East.

There was another block of houses on the left hand side but these were demolished.

Right Hand side

  • Block of terrace houses, no name.

  • Master Barn Farm

  • 1 Block of Terrace House with Garden fronts, no name.

  • 1 Block of Terrace Houses, no names.

  • 1 Block of Terrace Houses with Garden fronts, named Queens Terrace (1894)

  • 1 Block of Terrace Houses with Garden Fronts, named Jubilee Terrace.

  • Paper Mill

Left Hand Side

  • Green

  • 2 Blocks of Terrace Houses, no names

  • The Hermitage

  • 1 Block of Garden Fronted Terrace houses named Park View (1888)

  • Nursery

  • Paper Mill Lodge

  • Paper Mill

The original road was diverted in 1826 to try and relieve the hill, previously called Holt Mill Brow.

Hermitage Street without Street Lights!

They tried to level off the inclination of the hill down to Holt Mill at the river Hyndburn, this was probably the time that the road was raised outside the Holt House Public House (Petre Arms).

They were also intending to build a new bridge over the river Hyndburn at the same time.

The height of Hermitage Street at its start at the Paper Mill is just 92 metres above sea level. At the canal bridge at the top of the hill, it has risen 39 metres in total to 131 metres.

The street takes it name from the former Catholic School,Hermitage Street around 1930 the Hermitage. It is also worth noting that the garden fronted houses on the right were built with the door handle in the centre. They served no apparent use, as you had to enter the door by use of the key. This block of houses was known as key row.

You may be asking yourselves why include two very similar pictures on the same page? Let me try to explain.

The lower picture of the two has the houses ABOVE Parker street, which have long been demolished. These are the houses on the left hand side of the picture.

Name plaque for Queens Terrace, 1894.

It is also worth noting that a single lamp post has been erected right in the middle of the picture on the left hand pavement. We know that the first electric cable wasn’t laid in Rishton until 1922, so the picture must be after this date. The age of the car is the other clue!

The street lamps were replaced in October 1937, when the old lamps were removed from Lee Lane as part of the road widening scheme there. They have been replaced again during the 1990's for taller metal ones, which I think, is the fourth time the street lamps have been changed.

Jubilee Terrace plaque.

Coming up the hill and opposite holt street, Numbers 82 to 106 are known as Queens Terrace. These were built in 1894, as seen in the photo.

Also numbers 108 to 126 are known as Jubilee Terrace. Jubilee Terrace is the first block of houses on the left hand side of the street as you enter Rishton moving up the hill towards Blackburn.

Numbers 105 to 139 are called Park View. These are the first block of house entering Rishton on the right hand side, opposite Jubilee terrace.Park View Date Plaque. It seems, according to the deeds of one of the houses on this block that there is a coal seam 80 meters down. Weather or this this was mined by Rishton Colliery is unknown, but how would you find out there was a coal seam that far down otherwise? This seam was allowed to be mined until 1890.

This block of houses was built by William Knowles, in 1888. This particular block of garden fronted terraced housing was known as "West View" whilst being built. Again, the reason for the change in name is unknown, but the peculiar thing is the houses don't face West, and they are on the East side of Rishton!

William Knowles died on the 5th December 1926, leaving behind 6 children. He had served the town faithfully, being a Church Warden at Saint Andrews Mission, and for a time, after the First World War, served as the Urban District Council Surveyor. He was married to Mary when the houses were built.

bottom of hermitage

Before his death he owned most of the houses which he had built on this block, and presumably rented them. He also had property on Burton Street, owning most of the lower odd numbered terraced block to number 83. By the time of his death he had two farms, Oakmount, and Keepers Cottage, both of which were in Clayton Le Dale, and left his family the considerable sum of over 8,000.

Known as Jack Grimshaw's, his proper name was John, and lived at 14 Spring Street with his wife Hannah until 1947 when he bought 117 Hermitage Street. Ann Bennett had bought the property in 1927, off the Knowles family whose father William had built it. Ann had never lived in the property, but had rented it for 20 years. So John bought the house and lived in till his death in 1970.John Grimshaw owned and ran Grimshaw's Timber merchants at the top of Spring Street until the 1970’s, when the company finally shut down due to the death of John Grimshaw. It was used for a while after this as a scrap metal yard, where people of the town took their old cars. The house was sold to Gertrude Riley, who lived across the road in 108 for her mother to live in, which she did until her death in 1972, when David Haworth bought the property at the age of 19, and still resides in the property at the turn of 2004.

Number 107, on the same block, was known as the "Holy House". Nuns lived here that once ran the Saint Andrews Mission, which when leaving by the back entrance was right next to the rear of the mission.

129 to 139 Hermitage street

Numbers 129 to 139 at the bottom of the block were built by the paper mill. These houses were used by the mill until they were sold in 1954.6

Snow on the street

By the 1880's the Rishton Victoria Cotton Mill owned houses in Hermitage Street (26-32, 42-48).

It wasn't until the 4th June 1936, that the clerk to the Council was first instructed to take the necessary steps to secure the establishment of a crossing for foot passengers in Hermitage Street, near to the junction with James Street.

The Council Surveyor reported Lamp No.36, in Hermitage Street, had been damaged by a motor vehicle on the 5th November 1936, and stated that the owner-driver of the vehicle and the Electricity Undertaking had been notified accordingly.

The Council surveyor was instructed to communicate with Ribble Motor Services Ltd., on the 6th March 1941, regarding the positioning of 2 bus stops in lower hermitage Street. The stops were placed on the corner of Hanson Street, and James Street.

On the 24th May 1951, Clayton-le-Moors U.D.C. were asked to carry out the maintenance of the four lamps in Hermitage Street.

The Council Clerk submitted a report from the police concerning damage to a street lamp in Hermitage Street through contact by a Ribble bus on the 12th July 1951, and alleged to be caused by the steep camber of the road at this point.

The section of road from Tottleworth Road to the Paper Mill was drawn attention to the work proceeding on this County Road on the 11th October 1951, and the raising of the footpath level, and that the time was now opportune for the gas lamps to be substituted by modern lighting. Tenders were submitted as follows:

N.W.E.B.—250 to include laying of the cable and the servicing of six lamps.

Metropolitan-Vickers, Ltd.—34 per lamp, including erection.

These tenders were accepted, and the work proceeded with, utilising the concrete columns already in stock with the Council.

The Council Clerk submitted a letter from the Ministry of Transport on the 8th November 1951, stating that they are unable to agree to the provision of a further crossing in Hermitage Street.

One of Rishtons more famous sons was born on Hermitage Street at number 68. This was only found in September of 2002, which a special plaque was unveiled on the wall of his birthplace. To read about this famous son of Rishton, click here. Other famous people have been born here as well, such as me! I was born at number 58 Hermitage Street.

Hermitage Street 2001.

iconClick here to see film footage of Hermitage Street from 1960.

According to deeds from properties on hermitage Street, the land was originally leased in 1871 for a period of 999 years. The land was leased from Henry Petre of the Dunkenhalgh Estate to William Butler.

William Butler built some of the houses, as the plots were being sold off to whoever could afford them.

A lot of the houses on Hermitage Street were owned by the mill owners, and also by the co-op. Number 59 was one of these, this was the former managers house of the coop store on the corner of James Street, and was sold to a private resident in 1964 (the McNamara's).

iconHermitage Street 1975. Looking East towards Clayton Le Moors, the toffee shop is the main focus of this video clip. The shop is now a domestic house. Note the street lamps and just visible (I think) is the old concrete bus shelter outside the old co-op building.

Hermitage Street looking West.

On the 10th December 1942, The Council Surveyor reported that, as instructed, he had again interviewed the representative of the Councils Insurance Company regarding the account for the damaged lamp in Hermitage Street and informed the Committee that a figure of 12 had been agreed as final settlement. The Council resolved that the Surveyor's action be confirmed and approved.

On the 15th July 1944, the Council Clerk read a Police Report concerning damage by three boys to wooden fencing in Hermitage Street. The Superintendent was asked to arrange for the boys to be severely cautioned by a Police Officer, and a letter of thanks was addressed to Mr. H. Francis for his prompt action in apprehending these boys.

Hermitage Street paper Shop in 1909

On the 11th October 1945, 20, Hermitage Street was classed as a dangerous building. Attention was drawn to the defective, roof, the coping stones and slates being liable to be dislodged by a high wind. The Council Resolved that notice be served on the owner under Section 30 of the Public Health Act Amendment Act, 1907, to repair, remove, protect or enclose the premises so as to prevent any danger therefrom. Dangerous Building - Rear of 20, Hermitage Street. The Notice served upon the owner on the 15th October 1945, expired on the 29th October 1945, but in view of a change of ownership it was decided to withhold taking action thereon.

Hermitage Street 1983

Attention was drawn to the need for  public conveniences to be erected, when convenient, at a point near Cutt Wood and also in Hermitage Street on the 14th March 1946. The Council Surveyor was instructed to prepare plans and estimates of cost for consideration at a subsequent council meeting.

The Council Clerk submitted a circular on the 17th July 1952, which requested the Council to install flashing lights in the beacons at the two crossings. The Surveyor was to proceed with this work before the winter months. It was further resolved that application be made to the Ministry for approval to the installation of a pedestrian crossing in Hermitage Street. By the 14th August, the Council had their answer when the Clerk reported that the Ministry of Transport had not acceded to the request of the Council for permission to install an additional crossing in Hermitage Street, and that the Ministry did not agree with the suggestion regarding coloured studs on existing crossings.

A letter was submitted from British Waterways agreeing to the erection by the Council of a barrier gate leading to the path from Hermitage Street to teh canal on the 12th November 1953. Resolved—That British Waterways be asked if they are agreeable to a spring gate being erected in lieu of a locked gate, and that the County Council be asked if they are prepared to make a contribution towards the cost.

References

Industrial Rishton by Kathleen Broderick

Deeds to 58 & 117 Hermitage Street

Allan McNamara by Email.

Rishton Street Names by E. Furber. Published October 1995.

Council Minutes

6Dave Stanley of Hermitage Street (via email)